What is gender-based violence?
Gender-based violence (GBV) refers to acts that hurt, threaten, violate, force or restrict someone, and which are based in a gendered power structure. A significant part of gender-based violence is sexual violence: violence as a sexual expression of power and control, which has nothing to do with sexuality. Other forms of gender-based violence include physical, psychological and economic violence.
Both men and women can be survivors/victims or perpetrators of gender-based violence. However, statistics show that the majority of all gender-based violence against women and girls is perpetrated by men.
Why is gender-based violence a problem?
Gender-based violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, which exists in all social classes, cultures and communities. It is estimated that 30 percent of women worldwide have experience physical and/or sexual violence at some point in their lives.
Gender-based violence can have serious consequences for individuals—from grave physical harm to lasting psychological trauma, and even death.It is also a systematic violation of women’s human rights. It silences women and prevents them from raising their voices.